What is green economy?

Ответ:

"Green" economy - result of human well-being and social equity while significantly reducing environmental risks and ecological scarcities (limited) (determination of the UN Environment Programme (UNEP). "Green economy" - economic development model based on sustainable development and knowledge economy Environment (definition of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development).

What is green growth?

Ответ:

"Green growth" - is the growth of GDP, which corresponds to the principles of "green economy" and focuses on "green" sectors as new drivers of development.

What is eco-innovation?

Ответ:

"Eco-innovation" - innovative products and processes that help to reduce the environmental impact and maintaining "stable performance and consumption." Eco-innovations associated with the emergence of new economic activities, or even new industries (eg, recycling, reuse, etc.).

What is eco-labelling?

Ответ:

Eco-labeling - a complex of environmental information on products, processes or services in the form of text, individual graphic, color symbols (symbols), and combinations thereof. It is applied depending on specific conditions on the product, packaging (containers), plate, the label (tag), the label or in the accompanying documentation. Eco-labeling informs customers about the environmental properties of products and not only. Some signs taken at the international and national levels, but there are signs of private companies. Eco-labeling allows you to identify products that meet certain requirements and make a choice about its buying.

What is eco-design?

Ответ:

Eco-design - design direction, focused on key environmental protection over the entire life-cycle of the product. It takes into account, in the complex, all aspects of the creation, use and disposal of the product.

What is energy-efficency?

Ответ:

Energy efficiency - the rational use of energy resources. Using less energy to achieve the same level of energy support of buildings or in manufacturing processes. Achieving economically justified efficient use of energy resources at the existing level of engineering and technology, and compliance with the requirements of environmental protection. This branch of knowledge is at the intersection of engineering, economics, law and sociology. In contrast to the energy conservation (conservation, energy conservation), mainly aimed at reducing energy consumption, energy efficiency aimed at finding useful (effective) energy expenditure.

What is Organic agriculture (farming)?

Ответ:

Organic agriculture (farming) - is a system of production, which contributes to the improvement of soils, ecosystems and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs of production that creates adverse effects. Organic agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science with a view to benefit the environment and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involved.

What is ecosystem service?

Ответ:

Ecosystem services - benefits that people obtain from ecosystems. It include provisioning, regulating and cultural services that directly affects people, and supporting services necessary to maintain other services. By providing services is defined include natural products derived from ecosystems. Regulating services are the benefits obtained from the regulation of ecosystem processes (reservoirs mitigate local climate, pine forests reduce the morbidity, water is used for treatment). Cultural services are intangible benefits that people obtain from ecosystems (eco-tourism, education, cultural heritage, aesthetics). By supporting services is defined soil formation, nutrient cycling, and other services necessary for the production of all other ecosystem services.

What is green transport?

Ответ:

Green transport that does not influence at all or have minimum influence on environment during the usage. Mostly green transport is easy, low cost and effective mode of transport that can be used by most citizens of any country. The main aim of “green” transport is decrease of ecological and social consequences, and prevention of jam traffic.